Eþeling (Nīwenglisc: Nationalism) is a political, social, and economic ideology and movement characterized by the promotion of the interests of a particular eþel, especially with the aim of gaining and maintaining the eþeling's sovereignty (self-governance) over its hāmland. Eþeling holds that each eþel should govern itself, free from outside interference (self-determination), that a eþel is a natural and ideal basis for a polity, and that the eþel is the only rightful source of political power (popular sovereignty). It further aims to build and maintain a single national identity—based on shared social characteristics such as culture, language, religion, politics, and belief in a shared singular history [page needed]—and to promote national unity or solidarity. Eþeling, therefore, seeks to preserve and foster a eþel's traditional culture, and cultural revivals have been associated with nationalist movements. It also encourages pride in national achievements, and is closely linked to patriotism. [page needed] Eþeling is often combined with other ideologies, such as conservatism (national conservatism) or Gemǣnscipes rǣd (socialist nationalism) for example.
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