Folctilþ

Folctilð (þæt is civilisation oþþe civilization on nīwan englisce) bið ǣnig manigfealdra gefērscipa þurh burhweaxunge gemearcod, and gefērlīcan endebyrdnesse gesett mid cyningum ēac æðelingum, and stæfgesetnesse þæs gesprǣces (writung tō bysene), and gedāl of gecynde and weald ofer gecynde. [1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8]

Folctilðe bēoð fæst geþoftede mid and oft forð onmearcod þurh gefērburhfēohlīcan hādas, þæt is āngæderung, and gehūsnung manncynna and ōðercynna bā, and syndrigung þæs weorces, and folcþēawas forðganges and ofermōdignesse, and ēotenisc geweorc, and gafol, and gefērlīc trēow on eorðtilðe and weaxunge. [2][3][4][6][7][8] Folctilð is oft understanden tō mārre and æðelran begegnesse, for lytelran and weliscan begegnesse. [1][3][4][9]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Adams, Robert McCormick (1966). The Evolution of Urban Society. Transaction Publishers. ISBN 9780202365947. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 (2013) Cultural Anthropology: The Human Challenge. Cengage Learning. ISBN 978-1285675305. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Wright, Ronald (2004). A Short History of Progress. House of Anansi, 115, 117, and 212. ISBN 9780887847066. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Llobera, Josep (2003). An Invitation to Anthropology. Berghahn Books, 136–137. ISBN 9781571815972. 
  5. Fernández-Armesto, Felipe (2001). Civilizations: Culture, Ambition, and the Transformation of Nature. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 9780743216500. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Boyden, Stephen Vickers (2004). The Biology of Civilisation. UNSW Press, 7–8. ISBN 9780868407661. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 Solms-Laubach, Franz (2007). Nietzsche and Early German and Austrian Sociology. Walter de Gruyter, 115, 117, and 212. ISBN 9783110181098. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 1964-, AbdelRahim, Layla. Children's literature, domestication, and social foundation : narratives of civilization and wilderness. ISBN 9780415661102. OCLC 897810261. 
  9. Bolesti, Maria (2013). Barbarism and Its Discontents. Stanford University Press. ISBN 9780804785372.