Toscead betweox fadungum "Francland"

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'''Francland''' oþþe sēo '''Frencisce Cynewīse''' ([[Frencisc sprǣc|on Frencisce]]: ''République française'' oþþe ''France'') is [[cynewīse]], hwæs [[ealdorburglic]] land ligþ in westernum [[Europe|Europan]]. Hēo hæfþ syndrige ōðre onwealdas and īega on ōðrum worulddalum.
 
{{Francland infobox}}
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Francland is [[cynewīse]] organised as a [[unitary state|unitary]] [[semi-presidential system|semi-presidential]] cynewīse. It is a [[developed nation]] whose modern economy is the fifth-largest in the werald in [[2003]].
Its main values are expressed in the [[Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen]].
 
Francland is a founding member of the [[European Union]], and its largest member state with respect to land area. France is also a founding member of the [[UN Security Council]]. It is one of only seven acknowledged [[nuclear powers]] in existence.-->
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== Stǣr ==
''Main article: [[Stǣr Franclandes]]''
 
Þā mearca nīwes Franclandes closely align with those of the ancient territory of [[Gaul]], inhabited by the [[Gauls]], a [[Celtic]] people. Gaul was conquered by the Romans in the first century BC, and the Gauls eventually adopted [[Romance languages|Romance]] speech and culture. Christianity also took root in the second and third centuries AD. Gaul's eastern frontiers along the [[Rhine]] were overrun by [[Germanic tribe]]s in the fourth century AD, principally the [[Franks]], from which the ancient name of "Francie" derived. The modern name "France" derives from the name of the feudal domain of the [[Capetian]] Cynings of Francland around Paris (see now [[Île-de-France]]).
 
Although the French monarchy is often dated to the [[5th century]], France's continuous existence as a separate entity begins with the division, in [[843]], of [[Charlemagne]]'s [[Franks|Frankish]] empire into eastern, central and western parts. Se easterna dǣl (which would soon unite with the central portion as the [[Holy Roman Empire]]) can be regarded the beginnings of what is now [[Germany]], the western part that of Francland.
 
Charlemagne's descendants ruled Francland until [[987]], when [[Hugh Capet]], Duke of Francland and Count of Paris, was crowned Cyning of Francland. His descendants (which formed the [[Capetian]], [[Valois]] and [[House of Bourbon|Bourbon]] dynasties) ruled Francland until [[1792]], when the [[French Revolution]] established a [[Republic]], in a period of increasingly radical change that began in [[1789]].
 
[[Napoleon I of France|Napoleon Bonaparte]] seized control of the republic in [[1799]], making himself First Consul. His armies engaged in several wars across Europe, conquered many countries and established new kingdoms with Napoleon's family members at the helm. Following his defeat in [[1815]], the French monarchy was re-established, which was then legislatively abolished and followed by a [[Second Republic]] in [[1848]]. The Second Republic ended when the late Emperor's nephew, [[Louis-Napolēon Bonaparte]] was elected President and proclaimed a [[Second French Empire|Second Empire]] in [[1852]]. Less ambitious than his uncle, the second Napoleon was also ultimately unseated, and republican rule returned for a third time in the [[Third Republic]] ([[1870]]).
 
Although ultimately a victor in World Wars [[World War I|I]] and [[World War II|II]], Francland - much like Grēatre Brytene - suffered extensive losses in its empire, comparative economic status, working population, and status as a dominant nation-state. Since [[1958]], it has constructed a semi-presidential democracy (known as the [[Fifth Republic]]) that has not succumbed to the instabilities experienced in earlier, more parliamentary regimes.
 
In recent decades, Francland's reconciliation and cooperation with [[Germany]] have proved central to the political and economic integration of [[Europe]], including the introduction of the [[Euro]] in January [[1999]].
 
Today, Francland is at the forefront of European states seeking to exploit the momentum of monetary union to advance the creation of a more unified and capable European political, defence and security apparatus.
 
It is also one of the five permanent members of the [[UN Security Council]] and holds [[France and weapons of mass destruction|nuclear weapons]].
 
== Politics ==
''Main articles: [[Government of France]] (about government structures) and [[Politics of France]] (about political groups and tendencies).''
 
The constitution of the [[Fifth Republic]] was approved by public referendum on [[September 28]] [[1958]]. It greatly strengthened the authority of the executive in relation to Parliament. Under the constitution, the president is elected directly for a 5-year (originally 7-year) term. Presidential arbitration assures regular functioning of the public powers and the continuity of the state. The president names the prime minister, presides over the cabinet, commands the armed forces, and concludes treaties.
 
The [[French National Assembly|National Assembly]] (''Assemblēe Nationale'') is the principal legislative body. Its deputies are directly elected to 5-year terms, and all seats are voted on in each election. The Assembly has the power to dismiss the cabinet, and thus the majority in the Assembly determines the choice of government. Senators are chosen by an electoral college for 6-year terms, and one half of the Senate is renewed every 3 years ([http://www.senat.fr/role/senate.html starting 2007]). The [[Senate]]'s legislative powers are limited; the National Assembly has the last word in the event of a disagreement between the two houses, except for constitutional laws (amendments to the constitution & "lois organiques"). The government has a strong influence in shaping the agenda of Parliament.
 
French politics, for the past 30 years, have been characterised by the opposition of two political groups: one [[left-wing]], centred around the [[French Socialist Party]], and one [[right-wing]], centred around the [[Rally for the Republic|RPR]], then its successor the [[Union for a Popular Movement|UMP]]. The ''[[National Front (France)|Front National]]'' National-right party, advocating tougher law-and-order, immigration policies and seizing growing concern by the French public of their country decline as well as immigration and globalization driven national dissolution has made inroads since the early [[1980s]] and seems to remain stable at around 16% of the votes.
 
See also:
* [[Constitution of France]]
* [[President of France]]
* [[List of Prime Ministers of France]]
* [[List of Foreign Ministers of France]]
* [[Foreign relations of France]]
--><!--
== Administrative divisions ==
[[Image:Western Europe satellite image.png|thumb|right|250px|Satellite image of western Europe, including metropolitan France]]
:''Main articles: [[Administrative divisions of France]]''
France has 26 ''[[Région in France|régions]]'': 21 of these are in the continental part of [[metropolitan France]], one is [[Corse]] on the island of [[Corsica]] (although strictly speaking Corse is in fact a "territorial collectivity", not a ''région'', but is referred to as a ''région'' in common speech), 4 are overseas. The ''région'' are further subdivided into 100 ''[[département]]s''. The departments are numbered (mainly alphabetically) and this number is used, for instance, in postal codes and vehicle number plates.
<table border="0" cellpadding="2">
<tr><td>
*[[Alsace]]
** 67 [[Bas-Rhin]]
** 68 [[Haut-Rhin]]
*[[Aquitaine]]
** 24 [[Dordogne]]
** 33 [[Gironde]]
** 40 [[Landes]]
** 47 [[Lot-et-Garonne]]
** 64 [[Pyrénées-Atlantiques]]
*[[Auvergne (région)|Auvergne]]
** 03 [[Allier]]
** 15 [[Cantal]]
** 43 [[Haute-Loire]]
** 63 [[Puy-de-Dôme]]
*[[Basse-Normandie]]
** 14 [[Calvados (département)|Calvados]]
** 50 [[Manche]]
** 61 [[Orne]]
*[[Bourgogne]] (Burgundy)
** 21 [[Côte-d'Or]]
** 58 [[Nièvre]]
** 71 [[Saône-et-Loire]]
** 89 [[Yonne]]
*[[Bretagne]] (Brittany)
** 22 [[Côtes-d'Armor]]
** 29 [[Finistère]]
** 35 [[Ille-et-Vilaine]]
** 56 [[Morbihan]]
*[[Centre (France)|Centre]]
** 18 [[Cher (département)|Cher]]
** 28 [[Eure-et-Loir]]
** 36 [[Indre]]
** 37 [[Indre-et-Loire]]
** 41 [[Loir-et-Cher]]
** 45 [[Loiret]]
*[[Champagne-Ardenne]]
** 08 [[Ardennes (département)|Ardennes]]
** 10 [[Aube]]
** 51 [[Marne]]
** 52 [[Haute-Marne]]
*[[Corsica|Corse]] (Corsica)
** 2A [[Corse-du-Sud]]
** 2B [[Haute-Corse]]
*[[Franche-Comté]]
** 25 [[Doubs]]
** 39 [[Jura (département)|Jura]]
** 70 [[Haute-Saône]]
** 90 [[Territoire-de-Belfort]]
*[[Haute-Normandie]]
** 27 [[Eure]]
** 76 [[Seine-Maritime]]
*[[Île-de-France (région)|Île-de-France]]
** 75 [[Paris]]
** 77 [[Seine-et-Marne]]
** 78 [[Yvelines]]
** 91 [[Essonne]]
** 92 [[Hauts-de-Seine]]
** 93 [[Seine-Saint-Denis]]
** 94 [[Val-de-Marne]]
** 95 [[Val-d'Oise]]
*[[Languedoc-Roussillon]]
** 11 [[Aude]]
** 30 [[Gard]]
** 34 [[Hérault]]
** 48 [[Lozère]]
** 66 [[Pyrénées-Orientales]]
<td valign="top">
*[[Limousin]]
** 19 [[Corrèze]]
** 23 [[Creuse]]
** 87 [[Haute-Vienne]]
*[[Lorraine]]
** 54 [[Meurthe-et-Moselle]]
** 55 [[Meuse]]
** 57 [[Moselle]]
** 88 [[Vosges]]
*[[Midi-Pyrénées]]
** 09 [[Ariège]]
** 12 [[Aveyron]]
** 31 [[Haute-Garonne]]
** 32 [[Gers]]
** 46 [[Lot (département)|Lot]]
** 65 [[Hautes-Pyrénées]]
** 81 [[Tarn]]
** 82 [[Tarn-et-Garonne]]
*[[Nord-Pas-de-Calais]]
** 59 [[Nord]]
** 62 [[Pas-de-Calais]]
*[[Pays-de-la-Loire]]
** 44 [[Loire-Atlantique]]
** 49 [[Maine-et-Loire]]
** 53 [[Mayenne]]
** 72 [[Sarthe]]
** 85 [[Vendée]]
*[[Picardie]]
** 02 [[Aisne]]
** 60 [[Oise]]
** 80 [[Somme]]
*[[Poitou-Charentes]]
** 16 [[Charente]]
** 17 [[Charente-Maritime]]
** 79 [[Deux-Sèvres]]
** 86 [[Vienne]]
*[[Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur]]
** 04 [[Alpes-de-Haute-Provence]]
** 05 [[Hautes-Alpes]]
** 06 [[Alpes-Maritimes]]
** 13 [[Bouches-du-Rhône]]
** 83 [[Var (département)|Var]]
** 84 [[Vaucluse]]
*[[Rhône-Alpes]]
** 01 [[Ain]]
** 07 [[Ardèche]]
** 26 [[Drôme]]
** 38 [[Isère]]
** 42 [[Loire (département)|Loire]]
** 69 [[Rhône (département)|Rhône]]
** 73 [[Savoie]]
** 74 [[Haute-Savoie]]
 
* [[Départements d'outre-mer]] (DOM)<br>(Overseas Departments), each of them being a ''département'' and a ''région'' at the same time:
** 971 [[Guadeloupe]]
** 972 [[Martinique]]
** 973 [[French Guiana]]
** 974 [[Réunion]]
 
* Collectivité départementale d'outre-mer (Overseas Departmental Collectivity):
** 976 [[Mayotte]]
 
* Collectivités territoriales d'outre-mer (Overseas Territorial Collectivities):
** 975 [[Saint-Pierre and Miquelon]]
** 986 [[Wallis and Futuna]]
 
* Pays d'outre-mer (Overseas Country):
** 987 [[French Polynesia]]
 
* Collectivité [[sui generis]] (Collectivity [[sui generis]]):
** 988 [[New Caledonia]]
 
* [[Territoire d'outre-mer]] (Overseas Territory):
** [[French Southern and Antarctic Territories]] (including France's [[Antarctica|Antarctic]] claim)
</table>
[[Image:Fr-map.png|right|Map of France with cities]]
 
The departments are further subdivided into 342 ''[[French arrondissements|arrondissements]]''.
 
The overseas departments are former colonies outside ''metropolitan'' France that now enjoy a status similar to European or ''metropolitan'' France. They are considered to be a part of France (and the [[EU]]) rather than dependent territories, and each of them is a ''région'' at the same time.
 
The overseas territories and countries form part of the French Republic, but do not form part of the Republic's European territory or the [[EU]] fiscal area. They continue to use the [[French Pacific Franc]] as their currency, which was not replaced by the [[euro]] like the French franc was in [[2002]]. The French Pacific Franc's value is, however, now tied to that of the euro.
 
The departmental and territorial collectivities have an intermediate status between overseas department and overseas territory.
 
France also maintains control over a number of other small islands in the [[Indian Ocean]] and the [[Pacific]], including
[[Bassas da India]], [[Clipperton Island]], [[Europa Island]], [[Glorioso Islands]], [[Juan de Nova Island]], [[Tromelin Island]]. See [[Islands controlled by France in the Indian and Pacific oceans]].
--><!--
== Geography ==
''Main article: [[Geography of France]]''
 
While the main territory of France (''la métropole'') is located in Western Europe, France is also constituted from territories in [[North America]], the [[Caribbean]], [[South America]], the western and southern [[Indian Ocean]], the northern and southern [[Pacific Ocean]], and [[Antarctica]] (sovereignty claims in [[Antarctica]] are not recognised by most countries, see [[Antarctic Treaty]]).
 
Metropolitan France extends from the [[Mediterranean Sea]] to the [[North Sea]], and from the [[Rhine River]] to the [[Atlantic Ocean]]; it is bordered by the [[United Kingdom]], [[Belgium]], [[Luxembourg]], [[Germany]], [[Switzerland]], [[Italy]], [[Monaco]], [[Andorra]], and [[Spain]]. The French Republic also shares land borders overseas with [[Brazil]], [[Suriname]], and [[the Netherlands]].
 
France possesses a large variety of landscapes, ranging from coastal plains in the north and west, where France borders the [[North Sea]] and the [[Atlantic Ocean]], to the mountain ranges in the south (the [[Pyrenees]]) and the south-east (the [[Alps]]), of which the latter contains the highest point of Europe, the [[Mont Blanc]] at 4810 m.
 
In between are found other elevated regions such as the [[Massif Central]] or the [[Vosges mountains]] and extensive river basins such as those of the [[Loire River]], the [[Rhone River]], the [[Garonne]] and [[Seine]].
 
*[[National parks (France)]]
 
===Maritime territory (EEZ)===
 
Due to its numerous overseas departments and territories scattered on all oceans of the planet, France possesses the second-largest [[exclusive economic zone]] (EEZ) in the world, covering [[1 E13 m²|11,035,000]] km&sup2; (4,260,000 sq. miles), just behind the EEZ of the [[United States]] (11,351,000 km&sup2; / 4,383,000 sq. miles), but ahead of the EEZ of [[Australia]] (8,232,000 km&sup2; / 3,178,000 sq. miles). According to a different calculation cited by the ''Pew Research Center'', the EEZ of France would be [[1 E13 m²|10,084,201]] km&sup2; (3,893,532 sq. miles), behind the [[United States]] (12,174,629 km&sup2; / 4,700,651 sq. miles), but ahead of [[Australia]] (8,980,568 km&sup2; / 3,467,416 sq. miles) and [[Russia]] (7,566,673 km&sup2; / 2,921,508 sq. miles).
 
The EEZ of France covers approximately 8% of the total surface of all the EEZs of the world, whereas the land area of the French Republic is only 0.45% of the total land area of the Earth.
--><!--
== Economy ==
''Main article: [[Economy of France]]''
 
France's economy combines extensive private enterprise with substantial (though declining) government intervention (see [[dirigisme]]). The government retains considerable influence over key segments of infrastructure sectors, with majority ownership of railway, electricity, aircraft, and telecommunication firms. It has been gradually relaxing its control over these sectors since the early [[1990s]]. The government is slowly selling off holdings in [[France Télécom]], [[Air France]], as well as the insurance, banking, and defence industries.
 
A member of the [[G8]] group of leading industrialised countries, it ranked as the fifth-largest economy in the world in 2003, behind the [[United States]], [[Japan]], [[Germany]], and the [[United Kingdom]]. France joined 10 other [[EU]] members to launch the [[Euro]] on [[January 1]] [[1999]], with [[euro coins]] and [[euro banknotes|banknotes]] completely replacing the French [[Franc#French franc|franc]] in early [[2002]].
 
According to the [[WTO]], in 2003, France was the world's fifth-largest exporter, behind the [[United States]], [[Germany]], [[Japan]], and [[China]], (but ahead of the [[United Kingdom]]). It was also the fourth-largest importer (behind the [[United States]], [[Germany]], and [[China]], but ahead of the [[United Kingdom]] and [[Japan]]). According to the [[OECD]], in 2003 France received the largest percentage of foreign international investment, ahead of the [[United States]] and [[Belgium]].
 
With over 77 million tourists a year, France is [[World Tourism Rankings|ranked]] as the major tourist destination in the world, ahead of [[Spain]] (51.7 million) and [[United States]] (41.9 million). It features cities of high cultural interest (Paris being the foremost), beaches and seaside resorts, [[ski]] centres and rural regions that many enjoy for their beauty and tranquillity.
 
France has an important aerospace industry (lead by [[Airbus Industrie]]) and is the only European power to have its own national space centre. France is also the most energy independent Western country due to heavy investment in nuclear power, which also makes France the smallest producer of [[carbon dioxide]] among the seven most industrialised countries in the world. Large tracts of fertile land, the application of modern technology, and EU subsidies have combined to make France the leading agricultural producer in Western Europe.
 
Since the end of the Second World War the government made efforts to integrate more and more with [[Germany]], both economically and politically. Today the two countries form what is often referred to as the "core" countries in favour of greater integration of the European Union.
 
See also: [[List of French companies]]
 
==Foreign relations==
''See also main article: [[Foreign relations of France]].''
 
France's founding membership in the [[European Union]] largely defines France's current foreign policy. The French Republic is furthermore a member of the [[Secretariat of the Pacific Community]] (SPC) and of the [[Indian Ocean Commission]] (COI), and an associate member of the [[Association of Caribbean States]] (ACS). France is also a leading member or the [[La Francophonie|International Organisation of Francophonie]] (OIF) which gathers 51 fully or partly French-speaking countries.
 
France hosts the headquarters of the [[OECD]] and [[UNESCO]], as well as those of the [[Bureau International des Poids et Mesures|International Bureau for Weights and Measures]] in charge of the international [[SI|metric system]], and [[Interpol]].
--><!--
==Demographics==
''Main article: [[Demographics of France]]''
 
The official language is French. Several [[Languages of France|regional languages]] (including [[Alsatian]], [[Basque language|Basque]], [[Breton language|Breton]], [[Creole#Caribbean creole|Caribbean Creole]], [[Catalan language|Catalan]], [[Corsican language|Corsican]], [[Dutch language|Dutch]] ([[Flemish]]), [[Franco-Provençal]] dialects, [[Gascon]], [[West Middle German|Lorraine German]] dialect, [[Occitan language|Occitan]], and some [[Oïl languages|Oïl]] dialects) are also occasionally understood and spoken, mostly by elderly people, but the French government and public school system discouraged the use of any of them until recently. The regional languages are now taught at some schools, though French remains the only official language in use by the government, local or national. Some languages spoken by immigrants are also frequently heard, especially in large cities: [[Portuguese language|Portuguese]], [[Maghreb Arabic]], several [[Berber languages]], several languages of [[Black Africa]], [[Turkish language|Turkish]], several [[Chinese dialects]] (most notably [[Wu (linguistics)|Wu]] dialects, [[Cantonese]], [[Min Nan]], and [[Mandarin (linguistics)|Mandarin]]), [[Vietnamese language|Vietnamese]], and [[Khmer language|Khmer]] are the most frequently heard.
 
Starting with the [[19th century]], the historical evolution of the population in France has been extremely atypical in the [[Western World]]. Unlike the rest of Europe, France did not experience a strong population growth in the 19th century and first half of the 20th century. Conversely, it experienced a much stronger growth in the second half of the 20th century than the rest of Europe or indeed its own growth in the previous centuries.
 
It has been the third most populous country of Europe, behind [[Russia]] and [[Germany]], since the late [[1990s]].
 
The principal cities by population include:
 
:[[Aix-en-Provence]], [[Ajaccio]], [[Albi]], [[Amiens]], [[Angers]], [[Angouleme]], [[Bastia]], [[Belfort]], [[Besançon]], [[Bordeaux]], [[Brest, France|Brest]], [[Caen]], [[Calais]], [[Cannes]], [[Carcassonne]], [[Charleville-Mézières]], [[Clermont-Ferrand]], [[Colmar]], [[Dijon]], [[Dunkerque]], [[Evreux]], [[Grenoble]], [[La Rochelle]], [[Le Havre]], [[Le Mans]], [[Lille]], [[Limoges]], [[Lyon]], [[Marseille]], [[Metz]], [[Montpellier]], [[Mulhouse]], [[Nancy]], [[Nantes]], [[Nice]], [[Nîmes]], [[Orléans]], [[Paris]], [[Perpignan]], [[Poitiers]], [[Quimper]], [[Reims]], [[Rennes]], [[Roubaix]], [[Rouen]], [[Saint-Étienne]], [[Saint-Nazaire]], [[Strasbourg]], [[Tarbes]], [[Toulon]], [[Toulouse]], [[Tourcoing]], [[Tours]] and [[Valence, Drôme|Valence]].
 
See also [[aire urbaine|List of fifteen largest French metropolitan areas by population]] and [[List of towns in France]].
 
== Culture ==
''Main article: [[Culture of France]]''
 
*[[Académie française]]
*[[French literature]]
*[[Famous French People]]
*[[Cuisine of France]]
*[[Cinema of France]]
*[[Music of France]]
*[[Holidays in France]]
--><!--
===Religion===
Traditionally a predominantly [[Roman Catholic]] country, with [[anticlerical]] leanings, France is since the 1970s a very secular country. Freedom of religion is a constitutional right, as reflected by the [[Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen]]. The dominant concept of the relationships between the public sphere and religions is that of ''[[laïcité]]'', which implies that the government does not intervene in religious dogma, and that religions should refrain from intervening in policy-making. Tensions occasionally erupt about the alleged or real behaviour of some part of the [[Muslim]] minority, or about alleged or real discrimination against that community; see [[Islam in France]].
 
The government does not maintain statistics as to the religion of its inhabitants. Statistics from an unspecified source and date given in the [[CIA World Factbook]] gives the following number: Roman Catholic 83-88%, [[Islam|Muslim]] 5-10%, [[Protestant]] 2%, [[Judaism|Jewish]] 1%. However, a [http://a1692.g.akamai.net/f/1692/2042/1h/medias.lemonde.fr/medias/pdf_obj/sondage030416.pdf 2003 poll] 41% said that the existence of [[God]] was "excluded" or "unlikely". 33% declared that "atheist" described them rather or very well, and 51% for "Christian". When questioned about their religion, 62% answered [[Roman Catholic]], 6% [[Muslim]], 2% [[Protestantism|Protestant]], 1% [[Jew]]ish, 2% "other religions" (except for [[Eastern Orthodoxy|Orthodox]] or [[Buddhism|Buddhist]], which were negligible), 26% "no religion" and 1% declined to answer. A [[Gallup]] poll established that 15% of the French population attend places of worship.
--><!--
== Miscellaneous topics ==
''Description of the flag:'' three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), white, and red; known as the ''drapeau [[tricolore]]'' (Tricolour Flag); the design and colours inspired a number of other flags, including those of [[Belgium]], [[Chad]], [[Ireland]], [[Côte d'Ivoire]], and [[Luxembourg]].
 
The foundation of France may be dated to
[[486]] (unified by [[Clovis I]]).
 
France's motto "Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité" was first used as the rebels' motto during the [[French Revolution]].
 
The national holiday is the ''Fête Nationale'' (National Day), celebrating the ''Fête de la Fédération'', [[July 14]] [[1790]] and ''not'' the taking of the [[Bastille]] ([[July 14]] [[1789]]) as is often mistakenly believed, even by a majority of the French, and is the reason why the holiday is referred to as [[Bastille Day]] in [[English language|English]].
 
The capital and most populous city, [[Paris]], is one of the most famous and beautiful cities in the world, and home to numerous historical buildings and monuments.
 
The [[Palace of Versailles]] is the prime tourist destination in France followed by the great [[Chateau|châteaux]] of the [[Loire Valley]].
-->
== Sēo ēac ==
{{commons|France}}
* [[List of French Monarchs]]
* [[Communications in France]]
* [[Transportation in France]]
* [[aire urbaine|Fifteen largest French metropolitan areas by population]]
* [[Military of France]]
* [[Education in France]]
* [[List of universities in France]]
* [[Tourism in France]]
* [[Frencisce Landbūnes-rīce]]
* [[Marianne]]
* [[List of French birds]]
* [[Bastides]] -- fortified medieval towns built in France
* [[List of France-related topics]]—now a stubby article; please help expand it.
 
== Betwuxþēodlica mǣða ==
 
* Total [[Gross domestic product|GDP]], [[2003]]: 5th (ūt of 185)
* Hāl weorþ [[ellendisc cēapung|ellendiscre cēapunge]] ([[imports]] and [[exports]]), [[2002]]: 4th (out of 185)
* [[Human Development Index]], [[2004]]: 16th (out of 177)
* [[Reporters Without Borders]] world-wide press freedom index [[2004]]: Rank 19 out of 167 countries
* [http://www.transparency.org/pressreleases_archive/2004/2004.10.20.cpi.en.html Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 2004] - 22 of 145 landum
* [http://www.vifarom.de Virtuelle Fachbibliothek Romanischer Kulturkreis - Vifarom]
 
== Ūtandwearde bendas ==
* [http://www.elysee.fr/ang/index.shtm Official site of the Office of the French President] - The Elysée Palace
* [http://www.premier-ministre.gouv.fr/en/ Official site of the Office of the French Prime Minister] - Main governmental site
* [http://www.assemblee-nat.fr/english/index.asp Assemblée Nationale] - The French National Assembly
* [http://www.senat.fr/english/somm.html Sénat] - The French Senate
* [http://www.service-public.fr/etranger/english.html Official site of the French public service] - Contains many links to various administrations and institutions
* [http://www.pagesjaunes.fr/pj.cgi?lang=en Yellow Pages of France] - Business Phonenumbers
* [http://www.pagesjaunes.fr/pb.cgi?lang=en White Pages of France] - Residential Phonenumbers
* [http://www.mediatico.com/en/newspapers/europe/france Frencisce Spellsída]
* [http://www.map-of-france.co.uk Map of France] - Maps of France and its ''régions''
* [http://www.france-property-and-information.com French Property and Advice] - Information, advice and assistance on moving to France and buying property in France
* [http://www.pictures-europe.com/holidays-france.htm France Pictures] Geographic guide: France
* [http://www.lodgephoto.com/galleries/france/ Photographs of the Lot and Dordogne] regions of France
* [http://www.travel-images.com/france.html Images of France] - image gallery
* [http://about-france.com/ About France] - Information about France
* [http://www.willgoto.com/categories.aspx?Destination=271&Langue=1 Willgoto France] - Travel guide and directory
 
{{EU_countries}}
{{Land on Europan}}
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[[bat-smg:Prancūzėjė]]
[[bcl:Pransya]]
[[be:Францыя]]
[[be-x-old:Францыя]]
[[bg:Франция]]
[[bi:Franis]]
[[bjn:Parancis]]
[[bm:Franse]]
[[bn:ফ্রান্স]]
[[bo:ཧྥ་རན་སི།]]
[[bpy:ফ্রান্স]]
[[br:Bro-C'hall]]
[[bs:Francuska]]
[[ca:França]]
[[cdo:Huák-guók]]
[[ce:Франце]]
[[ceb:Pransiya]]
[[ckb:فەڕەنسا]]
[[co:Francia]]
[[crh:Frenkistan]]
[[cs:Francie]]
[[csb:Francëjô]]
[[cu:Франкі́ꙗ]]
[[cv:Франци]]
[[cy:Ffrainc]]
[[da:Frankrig]]
[[de:Frankreich]]
[[diq:Fransa]]
[[dsb:Francojska]]
[[dv:ފަރަންސޭސިވިލާތް]]
[[dz:ཕརཱནསི་]]
[[ee:France]]
[[el:Γαλλία]]
[[eml:Franza]]
[[en:France]]
[[eo:Francio]]
[[es:Francia]]
[[et:Prantsusmaa]]
[[eu:Frantzia]]
[[ext:Fráncia]]
[[fa:فرانسه]]
[[ff:Faransi]]
[[fi:Ranska]]
[[fiu-vro:Prantsusmaa]]
[[fo:Frakland]]
[[fr:France]]
[[frp:France]]
[[frr:Frånkrik]]
[[fur:France]]
[[fy:Frankryk]]
[[ga:An Fhrainc]]
[[gag:Franțiya]]
[[gan:法國]]
[[gd:An Fhraing]]
[[gl:Francia - France]]
[[gn:Hyãsia]]
[[got:𐍆𐍂𐌰𐌲𐌺𐌰𐍂𐌴𐌹𐌺𐌹]]
[[gu:ફ્રાન્સ]]
[[gv:Yn Rank]]
[[ha:Faransa]]
[[hak:Fap-koet]]
[[haw:Palani]]
[[he:צרפת]]
[[hi:फ़्रांस]]
[[hif:France]]
[[hr:Francuska]]
[[hsb:Francoska]]
[[ht:Frans]]
[[hu:Franciaország]]
[[hy:Ֆրանսիա]]
[[ia:Francia]]
[[id:Perancis]]
[[ie:Francia]]
[[ilo:Fransia]]
[[io:Francia]]
[[is:Frakkland]]
[[it:Francia]]
[[ja:フランス]]
[[jbo:fasygu'e]]
[[jv:Prancis]]
[[ka:საფრანგეთი]]
[[kaa:Frantsiya]]
[[kab:Fransa]]
[[kg:Fwalansa]]
[[kk:Франция]]
[[kl:Frankrigi]]
[[km:បារាំង]]
[[kn:ಫ್ರಾನ್ಸ್]]
[[ko:프랑스]]
[[koi:Франс]]
[[krc:Франция]]
[[ks:फ्रांस]]
[[ksh:Frangkrisch]]
[[ku:Fransa]]
[[kv:Франция]]
[[kw:Pow Frynk]]
[[ky:Франция]]
[[la:Francia]]
[[lad:Fransia]]
[[lb:Frankräich]]
[[li:Frankriek]]
[[lij:Fransa]]
[[lmo:Frància]]
[[ln:Falansia]]
[[lo:ປະເທດຝະລັ່ງ]]
[[lt:Prancūzija]]
[[lv:Francija]]
[[mdf:Кранцмастор]]
[[mg:Frantsa]]
[[mhr:Франций]]
[[mi:Wīwī]]
[[mk:Франција]]
[[ml:ഫ്രാൻസ്]]
[[mn:Франц]]
[[mr:फ्रान्स]]
[[ms:Perancis]]
[[mt:Franza]]
[[mwl:Fráncia]]
[[my:ပြင်သစ်နိုင်ငံ]]
[[myv:Франция Мастор]]
[[mzn:فرانسه]]
[[na:France]]
[[nah:Francia]]
[[nap:Franza]]
[[nds:Frankriek]]
[[nds-nl:Frankriek]]
[[ne:फ्रान्स]]
[[nl:Frankrijk]]
[[nn:Frankrike]]
[[no:Frankrike]]
[[nov:Fransia]]
[[nrm:France]]
[[nv:Dáághahii Dinéʼiʼ Bikéyah]]
[[oc:França]]
[[os:Франц]]
[[pam:France]]
[[pap:Fransia]]
[[pcd:Franche]]
[[pdc:Frankreich]]
[[pfl:Frongraisch]]
[[pih:France]]
[[pl:Francja]]
[[pms:Fransa]]
[[pnb:فرانس]]
[[pnt:Γαλλία]]
[[ps:فرانس]]
[[pt:França]]
[[qu:Phransya]]
[[rm:Frantscha]]
[[rmy:Franchiya]]
[[ro:Franța]]
[[roa-rup:Gallia]]
[[ru:Франция]]
[[rw:Ubufaransa]]
[[sa:फ्रांस]]
[[sah:Франция]]
[[sc:Frantza]]
[[scn:Francia]]
[[sco:Fraunce]]
[[se:Frankriika]]
[[sh:Francuska]]
[[simple:France]]
[[sk:Francúzsko]]
[[sl:Francija]]
[[sm:Farani]]
[[so:Faransiiska]]
[[sq:Franca]]
[[sr:Француска]]
[[srn:Franskondre]]
[[ss:IFulansi]]
[[st:Fora]]
[[stq:Frankriek]]
[[su:Perancis]]
[[sv:Frankrike]]
[[sw:Ufaransa]]
[[szl:Francyjo]]
[[ta:பிரான்சு]]
[[te:ఫ్రాన్స్]]
[[tet:Fransa]]
[[tg:Фаронса]]
[[th:ประเทศฝรั่งเศส]]
[[tk:Fransiýa]]
[[tl:Pransya]]
[[tpi:Pranis]]
[[tr:Fransa]]
[[tt:Франция]]
[[ty:Farāni]]
[[udm:Франция]]
[[ug:فرانسىيە]]
[[uk:Франція]]
[[ur:فرانس]]
[[uz:Fransiya]]
[[vec:Fransa]]
[[vi:Pháp]]
[[vls:Vrankryk]]
[[vo:Fransän]]
[[wa:France]]
[[war:Fransya]]
[[wo:Faraas]]
[[wuu:法国]]
[[xal:Пранцсин Орн]]
[[yi:פראנקרייך]]
[[yo:Fránsì]]
[[za:Fazgoz]]
[[zea:Frankriek]]
[[zh:法国]]
[[zh-classical:法國]]
[[zh-min-nan:Hoat-kok]]
[[zh-yue:法國]]
[[zu:IFlansi]]
56

edits