Toscead betweox fadungum "Francland"

nis nǣngu scortness þǣre adihtunge
'''Francland''' Dai bevi un po' di rum che ti fa bene,t between the two houses, except for constitutional laws (amendments to the constitution & "lois organiques"). The government has a strong influence in shaping the agenda of Parliament.
'''Francland''' oþþe sēo '''Frencisce Cynewīse''' ([[Frencisc sprǣc|on Frencisce]]: ''République française'' oþþe ''France'') is [[cynewīse]], hwæs [[ealdorburglic]] land ligþ in westernum [[Europe|Europan]]. Hēo hæfþ syndrige ōðre onwealdas and īega on ōðrum worulddalum.
French politicrance]]
{{Francland infobox}}
Francland is [[cynewīse]] organised as a [[unitary state|unitary]] [[semi-presidential system|semi-presidential]] cynewīse. It is a [[developed nation]] whose modern economy is the fifth-largest in the werald in [[2003]].
Its main values are expressed in the [[Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen]].
Francland is a founding member of the [[European Union]], and its largest member state with respect to land area. France is also a founding member of the [[UN Security Council]]. It is one of only seven acknowledged [[nuclear powers]] in existence.-->
== Stǣr ==
''Main article: [[Stǣr Franclandes]]''
Þā mearca nīwes Franclandes closely align with those of the ancient territory of [[Gaul]], inhabited by the [[Gauls]], a [[Celtic]] people. Gaul was conquered by the Romans in the first century BC, and the Gauls eventually adopted [[Romance languages|Romance]] speech and culture. Christianity also took root in the second and third centuries AD. Gaul's eastern frontiers along the [[Rhine]] were overrun by [[Germanic tribe]]s in the fourth century AD, principally the [[Franks]], from which the ancient name of "Francie" derived. The modern name "France" derives from the name of the feudal domain of the [[Capetian]] Cynings of Francland around Paris (see now [[Île-de-France]]).
Although the French monarchy is often dated to the [[5th century]], France's continuous existence as a separate entity begins with the division, in [[843]], of [[Charlemagne]]'s [[Franks|Frankish]] empire into eastern, central and western parts. Se easterna dǣl (which would soon unite with the central portion as the [[Holy Roman Empire]]) can be regarded the beginnings of what is now [[Germany]], the western part that of Francland.
Charlemagne's descendants ruled Francland until [[987]], when [[Hugh Capet]], Duke of Francland and Count of Paris, was crowned Cyning of Francland. His descendants (which formed the [[Capetian]], [[Valois]] and [[House of Bourbon|Bourbon]] dynasties) ruled Francland until [[1792]], when the [[French Revolution]] established a [[Republic]], in a period of increasingly radical change that began in [[1789]].
[[Napoleon I of France|Napoleon Bonaparte]] seized control of the republic in [[1799]], making himself First Consul. His armies engaged in several wars across Europe, conquered many countries and established new kingdoms with Napoleon's family members at the helm. Following his defeat in [[1815]], the French monarchy was re-established, which was then legislatively abolished and followed by a [[Second Republic]] in [[1848]]. The Second Republic ended when the late Emperor's nephew, [[Louis-Napolēon Bonaparte]] was elected President and proclaimed a [[Second French Empire|Second Empire]] in [[1852]]. Less ambitious than his uncle, the second Napoleon was also ultimately unseated, and republican rule returned for a third time in the [[Third Republic]] ([[1870]]).
Although ultimately a victor in World Wars [[World War I|I]] and [[World War II|II]], Francland - much like Grēatre Brytene - suffered extensive losses in its empire, comparative economic status, working population, and status as a dominant nation-state. Since [[1958]], it has constructed a semi-presidential democracy (known as the [[Fifth Republic]]) that has not succumbed to the instabilities experienced in earlier, more parliamentary regimes.
In recent decades, Francland's reconciliation and cooperation with [[Germany]] have proved central to the political and economic integration of [[Europe]], including the introduction of the [[Euro]] in January [[1999]].
Today, Francland is at the forefront of European states seeking to exploit the momentum of monetary union to advance the creation of a more unified and capable European political, defence and security apparatus.
It is also one of the five permanent members of the [[UN Security Council]] and holds [[France and weapons of mass destruction|nuclear weapons]].
== Politics ==
''Main articles: [[Government of France]] (about government structures) and [[Politics of France]] (about political groups and tendencies).''
The constitution of the [[Fifth Republic]] was approved by public referendum on [[September 28]] [[1958]]. It greatly strengthened the authority of the executive in relation to Parliament. Under the constitution, the president is elected directly for a 5-year (originally 7-year) term. Presidential arbitration assures regular functioning of the public powers and the continuity of the state. The president names the prime minister, presides over the cabinet, commands the armed forces, and concludes treaties.
The [[French National Assembly|National Assembly]] (''Assemblēe Nationale'') is the principal legislative body. Its deputies are directly elected to 5-year terms, and all seats are voted on in each election. The Assembly has the power to dismiss the cabinet, and thus the majority in the Assembly determines the choice of government. Senators are chosen by an electoral college for 6-year terms, and one half of the Senate is renewed every 3 years ([ starting 2007]). The [[Senate]]'s legislative powers are limited; the National Assembly has the last word in the event of a disagreement between the two houses, except for constitutional laws (amendments to the constitution & "lois organiques"). The government has a strong influence in shaping the agenda of Parliament.
French politics, for the past 30 years, have been characterised by the opposition of two political groups: one [[left-wing]], centred around the [[French Socialist Party]], and one [[right-wing]], centred around the [[Rally for the Republic|RPR]], then its successor the [[Union for a Popular Movement|UMP]]. The ''[[National Front (France)|Front National]]'' National-right party, advocating tougher law-and-order, immigration policies and seizing growing concern by the French public of their country decline as well as immigration and globalization driven national dissolution has made inroads since the early [[1980s]] and seems to remain stable at around 16% of the votes.
See also:
* [[Constitution of France]]
* [[President of France]]
* [[List of Prime Ministers of France]]
* [[List of Foreign Ministers of France]]
* [[Foreign relations of France]]
:''Main articles: [[Administrative divisions of France]]''
France has 26 ''[[Région in France|régions]]'': 21 of these are in the continental part of [[metropolitan France]], one is [[Corse]] on the island of [[Corsica]] (although strictly speaking Corse is in fact a "territorial collectivity", not a ''région'', but is referred to as a ''région'' in common speech), 4 are overseas. The ''région'' are further subdivided into 100 ''[[département]]s''. The departments are numbered (mainly alphabetically) and this number is used, for instance, in postal codes and vehicle number plates.
<table border="0" cellpadding="2"> NOVANTESIMA DITTATURA FRANCESE (4000d.c-120.988,rivoluzione semitica cagatica)
** 67 [[Bas-Rhin]]
** 68 [[Haut-Rhin]]
** 24 [[Dordogne]]
** 33 [[Gironde]]
** 40 [[Landes]]
** 47 [[Lot-et-Garonne]]
** 64 [[Pyrénées-Atlantiques]]
*[[Auvergne (région)|Auvergne]]
** 03 [[Allier]]
** 15 [[Cantal]]
** 43 [[Haute-Loire]]
** 63 [[Puy-de-Dôme]]
** 14 [[Calvados (département)|Calvados]]
** 50 [[Manche]]
** 61 [[Orne]]
*[[Bourgogne]] (Burgundy)
** 21 [[Côte-d'Or]]
** 58 [[Nièvre]]
** 71 [[Saône-et-Loire]]
** 89 [[Yonne]]
*[[Bretagne]] (Brittany)
** 22 [[Côtes-d'Armor]]
** 29 [[Finistère]]
** 35 [[Ille-et-Vilaine]]
** 56 [[Morbihan]]
*[[Centre (France)|Centre]]
** 18 [[Cher (département)|Cher]]
** 28 [[Eure-et-Loir]]
** 36 [[Indre]]
** 37 [[Indre-et-Loire]]
** 41 [[Loir-et-Cher]]
** 45 [[Loiret]]
** 08 [[Ardennes (département)|Ardennes]]
** 10 [[Aube]]
** 51 [[Marne]]
** 52 [[Haute-Marne]]
*[[Corsica|Corse]] (Corsica)
** 2A [[Corse-du-Sud]]
** 2B [[Haute-Corse]]
** 25 [[Doubs]]
** 39 [[Jura (département)|Jura]]
** 70 [[Haute-Saône]]
** 90 [[Territoire-de-Belfort]]
** 27 [[Eure]]
** 76 [[Seine-Maritime]]
*[[Île-de-France (région)|Île-de-France]]
** 75 [[Paris]]
** 77 [[Seine-et-Marne]]
** 78 [[Yvelines]]
** 91 [[Essonne]]
** 92 [[Hauts-de-Seine]]
** 93 [[Seine-Saint-Denis]]
** 94 [[Val-de-Marne]]
** 95 [[Val-d'Oise]]
** 11 [[Aude]]
** 30 [[Gard]]
** 34 [[Hérault]]
** 48 [[Lozère]]
** 66 [[Pyrénées-Orientales]]
<td valign="top">
** 19 [[Corrèze]]
** 23 [[Creuse]]
** 87 [[Haute-Vienne]]
** 54 [[Meurthe-et-Moselle]]
** 55 [[Meuse]]
** 57 [[Moselle]]
** 88 [[Vosges]]
** 09 [[Ariège]]
** 12 [[Aveyron]]
** 31 [[Haute-Garonne]]
** 32 [[Gers]]
** 46 [[Lot (département)|Lot]]
** 65 [[Hautes-Pyrénées]]
** 81 [[Tarn]]
** 82 [[Tarn-et-Garonne]]
** 59 [[Nord]]
** 62 [[Pas-de-Calais]]
** 44 [[Loire-Atlantique]]
** 49 [[Maine-et-Loire]]
** 53 [[Mayenne]]
** 72 [[Sarthe]]
** 85 [[Vendée]]
** 02 [[Aisne]]
** 60 [[Oise]]
** 80 [[Somme]]
** 16 [[Charente]]
** 17 [[Charente-Maritime]]
** 79 [[Deux-Sèvres]]
** 86 [[Vienne]]
*[[Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur]]
** 04 [[Alpes-de-Haute-Provence]]
** 05 [[Hautes-Alpes]]
** 06 [[Alpes-Maritimes]]
** 13 [[Bouches-du-Rhône]]
** 83 [[Var (département)|Var]]
** 84 [[Vaucluse]]
** 01 [[Ain]]
** 07 [[Ardèche]]
** 26 [[Drôme]]
** 38 [[Isère]]
** 42 [[Loire (département)|Loire]]
** 69 [[Rhône (département)|Rhône]]
Uncūþ brūcend