Toscead betweox fadungum "Pīpwēod"

2,757 bytes removed ,  11 years ago
nis nǣngu scortness þǣre adihtunge
(Nīwe tramet: '''Pīpwēod''' is wyrtcræftig forþbǣru wrōhte of þǣm lēafum of wyrta on þǣre cnōsle ''Nicotiana''. Hēo mōt wesan geeten, genotod swā gecyndelic wōlcwellend and, ...)
'''Pīpwēod''' is wyrtcræftig forþbǣru wrōhte of þǣm [[lēaf]]um of wyrta on þǣre cnōsle ''[[Nicotiana]]''. Hēo mōt wesan geeten, genotod swā gecyndelic wōlcwellend and, on þǣm gecynde nicoten tartrate <!-- tartrate to be translated-->, hēo is gebrocen on sumum lǣcedōmum.<ref>[]</ref> On nytte hēo gemǣnost ēowaþ on þǣm gecynde of [[pīpwēode berēcung|berēcunge]], [[cēowende pīpwēod|cēowunge]], [[pīpwēode dust|ēðunge]], [[settende pīpwēod|pīpwēode settunge]], oþþe [[wǣt pīpwēode dust|wǣtes dustes settunge]]. Pīpwēod hafaþ gebēon gebrocen tō [[fæger wyrtbrǣþ|fægerum wyrtbrǣðe]] in [[America]]n. Hūru, andefen þæs tōcymes [[Europe|Europiscra manna]] tō [[Norþamerica]]n, hēo hraðe wearþ folclic tō cēapþinge and tō ǣmettigum līcwendendtimber <!--drug - perhaps to be improved-->. Þēos folclicettung wōrhte þā forðunge þǣre Sūðernan fæfhafolnesse þāra [[Geānlǣht Rīcu American|Geānlǣtena Rīca]] oþ hēo geald [[bēamwōl]]e. Æfter þǣre [[Americsc Folclic Gūþ|Americiscan Folclican Gūðe]] <!--American Civil War-->, hweorfung in demand and a change in labor force allowed for the development of the [[cigarette]]. This new product quickly led to the growth of tobacco companies, until the scientific controversy of the mid-1900s.<!--Ic awende maran lator-->
There are many species of tobacco, which are all encompassed by the plant genus ''Nicotiana''. The word ''nicotiana'' (as well as ''[[nicotine]]'') was named in honor of [[Jean Nicot]], French ambassador to Portugal, who in 1559 sent it as a medicine to the court of [[Catherine de Medici]].<ref>colonia 13 509 [ Heading: 1550–1575 Tobacco, Europe.]</ref>
<!-- CULTURAL IMPACT GOES HERE IN A NEW PARAGRAPH WHEN COMPLETE -->Because of the addictive properties of nicotine, [[Physiological tolerance|tolerance]] and [[Chemical dependency|dependence]] develop. Absorption quantity, frequency, and speed of tobacco consumption are believed to be directly related to biological strength of nicotine dependence, [[addiction]], and tolerance.<ref>{{cite web|url=|title=Tobacco Facts - Why is Tobacco So Addictive?||date=|accessdate=2008-09-18}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=|title=Philip Morris Information Sheet||date=|accessdate=2008-09-18}}</ref> The usage of tobacco is an activity that is practiced by some 1.1&nbsp;billion people, and up to 1/3 of the adult population.<ref name="Gilman26">Saner L. Gilman and Zhou Xun, "Introduction" in ''Smoke''; p. 26</ref> The [[World Health Organization]] reports it to be the leading preventable cause of death worldwide and estimates that it currently causes 5.4 million deaths per year.<ref>{{cite journal|url=|title=WHO Report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2008 (foreword and summary)|publisher=[[World Health Organization]]|year=2008|format=PDF|pages=8|quote=Tobacco is the single most preventable cause of death in the world today.}}</ref> Rates of smoking have leveled off or declined in [[developed countries]], however they continue to rise in [[developing countries]].<!-- ECONOMIC IMPACT GOES HERE IN ANOTHER PARAGRAPH WHEN COMPLETE -->
Tobacco is cultivated similarly to other agricultural products. [[Seed]]s are sown in [[cold frame]]s or hotbeds to prevent attacks from insects, and then transplanted into the fields. Tobacco is an annual crop, which is usually harvested mechanically or by hand. After harvest, tobacco is stored for curing, which allows for the slow [[oxidation]] and degradation of [[carotenoid]]s. This allows for the agricultural product to take on properties that are usually attributed to the "smoothness" of the smoke. Following this, tobacco is packed into its various forms of consumption, which include smoking, chewing, sniffing, and so on.