Toscead betweox fadungum "Pīpwēod"

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[[biliþ:DunhillEarlyMorningPipeMurrays.jpg|right|thumb|250px|Pīpwēod tō berēcenne]]
'''Pīpwēod''' is wyrtcræftig forþbǣru wrōhte of þǣm [[lēaf]]um of wyrta on þǣre cnōsle ''[[Nicotiana]]''. Hēo mōt wesan geeten, genotod swā gecyndelic wōlcwellend and, on þǣm gecynde nicoten tartrate <!-- tartrate to be translated-->, hēo is gebrocen on sumum lǣcedōmum.<ref>http://student.britannica.com/comptons/article-208929/tobacco</ref> On nytte hēo gemǣnost ēowaþ on þǣm gecynde of [[pīpwēode berēcung|berēcunge]], [[cēowende pīpwēod|cēowunge]], [[pīpwēode dust|ēðunge]], [[settende pīpwēod|pīpwēode settunge]], oþþe [[wǣt pīpwēode dust|wǣtes dustes settunge]]. Pīpwēod hafaþ gebēon gebrocen tō [[fæger wyrtbrǣþ|fægerum wyrtbrǣðe]] in [[America]]n. Hūru, andefen þæs tōcymes [[Europe|Europiscra manna]] tō [[Norþamerica]]n, hēo hraðe wearþ folclic tō cēapþinge and tō ǣmettigum līcwendendtimber <!--drug - perhaps to be improved-->. Þēos folclicettung wōrhte þā forðunge þǣre Sūðernan fæfhafolnesse þāra [[Geānlǣht Rīcu American|Geānlǣtena Rīca]] oþ hēo geald [[bēamwōl]]e. Æfter þǣre [[Americsce Ingefeoht|Americiscan Ingefeohte]], hweorfung ascunge and hweorfung weorcmihte lēt þā forðunge þæs [[paperpīpincel|paperpīpincles]] <!--cigarette-->. Þēos nīwe forþbǣru hraðe wōrhte þā forðunge pīpwēode ciste, oþ þā lārcræftigan wiðerwinnunge on middelum 1900.<!--Ic awende maran lator-->
 
'''Pīpwēod''' is wyrtcræftig forþbǣru wrōhte of þǣm [[lēaf]]um of wyrta on þǣre cnōsle ''[[Nicotiana]]''. Hēo mōt wesan geeten, genotod swā gecyndelic wōlcwellend and, on þǣm gecynde nicoten tartrate <!-- tartrate to be translated-->, hēo is gebrocen on sumum lǣcedōmum.<ref>http://student.britannica.com/comptons/article-208929/tobacco</ref> On nytte hēo gemǣnost ēowaþ on þǣm gecynde of [[pīpwēode berēcung|berēcunge]], [[cēowende pīpwēod|cēowunge]], [[pīpwēode dust|ēðunge]], [[settende pīpwēod|pīpwēode settunge]], oþþe [[wǣt pīpwēode dust|wǣtes dustes settunge]]. Pīpwēod hafaþ gebēon gebrocen tō [[fæger wyrtbrǣþ|fægerum wyrtbrǣðe]] in [[America]]n. Hūru, andefen þæs tōcymes [[Europe|Europiscra manna]] tō [[Norþamerica]]n, hēo hraðe wearþ folclic tō cēapþinge and tō ǣmettigum līcwendendtimber <!--drug - perhaps to be improved-->. Þēos folclicettung wōrhte þā forðunge þǣre Sūðernan fæfhafolnesse þāra [[Geānlǣht Rīcu American|Geānlǣtena Rīca]] oþ hēo geald [[bēamwōl]]e. Æfter þǣre [[Americsce Ingefeoht|Americiscan Ingefeohte]], hweorfung ascunge and hweorfung weorcmihte lēt þā forðunge þæs [[paperpīpincel|paperpīpincles]] <!--cigarette-->. Þēos nīwe forþbǣru hraðe wōrhte þā forðunge pīpwēode ciste, oþ þā lārcræftigan wiðerwinnunge on middelum 1900.<!--Ic awende maran lator-->
 
Þǣr sind manig gecynd pīpwēodes, þe sind eall befangen be þǣre wyrte cnōsle ''Nicotiana''. Þæt word ''nicotiana'' (ēacswā ''[[nicoten]]'') wæs nemned tō ārienne [[Jean Nicot]], Frencisc ǣrendraca tō Portugale, se þe in 1559 sendede hīe tō lǣcwyrte tō þǣm getȳne of [[Catherine de Medici]].<ref>colonia 13 509 [http://www.tc.columbia.edu/centers/cifas/drugsandsociety/background/chronologydruguse.html Heading: 1550–1575 Tobacco, Europe.]</ref>
 
<!--FOLDÞEAWISC ANDWENDUNG GÆÞ HER ÞÆR HIT FULFYLED SI-->For þǣm lustaspendendum <!-- addictive - literally "desire-squandering"--> weorðum nicotenes, [[Mōdig adrēogung|adrēogung]] and [[andtimbera forþgelangness|forþgelangness]] weorðaþ. Bedrincinge micelness, oftness, and swiftness pīpwēodes foretunge sind gelīefed tō wesenne rihte andefen līfigre strengðe of nicotenes forþgelangnesse, [[lustaspendung]]e, and adrēogunge.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.tobaccofacts.org/tob_truth/soaddictive.html|title=Tobacco Facts - Why is Tobacco So Addictive?|publisher=Tobaccofacts.org|date=|accessdate=2008-09-18}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.stanford.edu/group/SICD/PhilipMorris/pmorris.html|title=Philip Morris Information Sheet|publisher=Stanford.edu|date=|accessdate=2008-09-18}}</ref> Sēo nytt pīpwēode is dǣd þe is gedōn fram nēan 1.1&nbsp;þūsende þūsenda þūsenda lēoda, and swā manig swā 1/3 þæs hēafodrīmes weaxenra lēoda.<ref name="Gilman26">Saner L. Gilman and Zhou Xun, "Introduction" in ''Smoke''; p. 26</ref> Sēo [[Worulde Hǣlðe Þēodness]] <!--World Health Organization--> sægþ þæt hēo is se grēatosta forwiernendlica intinga dēaðes woruldwīde and apinsaþ þæt hēo nū wyrce 5.4 þūsend þūsenda dēaða gēarlīce.<ref>{{cite journal|url=http://www.who.int/tobacco/mpower/mpower_report_forward_summary_2008.pdf|title=WHO Report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2008 (foreword and summary)|publisher=[[World Health Organization]]|year=2008|format=PDF|pages=8|quote=Tobacco is the single most preventable cause of death in the world today.}}</ref> Mǣlas berēcinge habbaþ restod oþþe geworded gelytlode on [[grōwnu rīcu|grōwnum rīcum]], hūru hīe gīet ēacniaþ on [[grōwendu rīcu|grōwendum rīcum]].<!-- FÆSTHAFOLNESSE ANDWENDUNG GÆÞ HER ON NIWUM CWIDA ÞREATE -->
 
Pīpwēod is rǣred gelīce ōðrum wyrtcræftigum forþbǣru. [[Sǣd]] sind gested in [[ceald earc|cealdum earcum]] oþþe hātbeddum tō forwiernenne onrǣsas fram siexsceancedum wyrmum, and hraðe þǣræfter sind hīe ofersted on þā felda. Pīpwēod is gēarlic wyrt, sēo þe is gewunelīce geripen weorccræftlīce oþþe handlīce. Æfter hærfeste is pīpwēod aseted tō drygenne, þe lǣtt þā slāwan [[æðmlyftonwendung]]e <!--oxidization--> and rotunge of [[geolurēad tēafor|geulorēadum tēafore]]. Þis lǣtt þā wyrtcræftigan forþbǣru tō befōnne weorþ þā þe gewunelīce tō þǣre "smōþnesse" smocan gecnoden sind. Æfter þissum is pīpwēod geseted on hire missenlicu gecynd for foretunge, þā þe befōþ berēcinge, cēowunge, ēðunge, and missenlicu gelīc ōðru gecynd.
 
==Fruman==